Policy & Politics

Sales Tax on Internet Sales (national policy)

Published May. 30, 2012

Many rural communities find themselves losing their retail base. Local retailers are competing with Internet retailers who do not have to collect sales tax if they do not have a physical presence in that state.

Pre-harvest Food Safety (national policy)

Published May. 30, 2012

Pre-harvest food safety has become a topic of increasing focus, particularly in the beef industry. USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced that their next step in reducing E. coli is through pre-harvest intervention, and they have repeatedly re-stated their intentions.

Port Infrastructure (national policy)

Published May. 30, 2012

The Mississippi River is used to transport agricultural goods from across the country. There is a problem with silt/soil removal along the Mississippi River, causing barges and carriers to load their cargo in increasingly shallow waters.

Futures Market (national policy)

Published May. 30, 2012

From their inception in the mid-19th century, futures markets have functioned as an important tool for agricultural producers to transfer their price risk to other investors.

Animal Disease Traceability (national policy)

Published May. 30, 2012

Foreign animal disease outbreaks have the potential to create massive financial losses in the livestock sector through loss of access to foreign markets, a decline in meat demand by domestic consumers, and direct production losses (death loss and morbidity).

Aflatoxin Testing for Crop Insurance (national policy)

Published May. 30, 2012

Frequently, producers’ grain is docked because of the presence of aflatoxin when offered for sale at the local elevator although the grain is subsequently found to be free of the fungus when samples are submitted for crop insurance reimbursement.

Retail Agriculture (national policy)

Published May. 30, 2012

More farmers and ranchers are getting closer to their customers, and finding that they can capture a higher margin when they grow vegetable or meat products with a specific consumer market segment in mind.

Animal Agriculture

Published Jun. 14, 2012

Animal issues continue to evolve at national, state, and county levels. Ohio Farm Bureau is engaged, from traditional livestock to companion animals to wild dangerous animals. As society continues to evolve, the perception of what is or is not animal agriculture has become less clear.

Selling of Eggs at Farmers' Markets

Published Jun. 14, 2012

The law is different for farmers selling eggs produced on their farm vs. selling eggs at a farmers’ market or farm product auction. One is exempt from retail food licensing requirements, the other is not exempt. The number of birds is a factor, along with the requirement of a free inspection.

Federal Animal Care Standards for Egg Laying Hens

Published Jun. 14, 2012

Federal legislation has been introduced for an agreement between the Humane Society of the U.S. and the United Egg Producers dealing with cage size and other animal care standards for our nation’s 280 million egg-laying hens.

Severance Tax

Published Jun. 14, 2012

Governor Kasich has introduced a proposal to make significant changes in the Ohio severance tax system that applies to oil and natural gas wells in exchange for lowering Ohio’s income tax.

The Initiative and Referendum in Ohio

Published Jun. 14, 2012

Ohio has constitutional amendment processes which allow citizens to vote directly to change Ohio’s constitution and laws. Recently we have seen an increase in ballot initiatives and referendums, which leads to many questions.

Term Limits in Ohio and Beyond

Published Jun. 14, 2012

Since term limits have been enacted in Ohio and other states, the composition of the legislatures has remained largely the same regarding women and minorities. Critics argue legislators become less effective as they grow in experience.

Current Agricultural Use Valuation and Conservation Programs

Published Jul. 31, 2012

The Current Agricultural Use Value (CAUV) Program says for property tax purposes, farmland devoted solely to commercial agriculture may be valued by its current use, instead of its "highest and best" potential use. CAUV usually results in a substantially lower tax bill for working farmers.

Hunting Regulations

Published Apr. 22, 2013

OFBF has a substantial amount of member-developed policy on wildlife issues, including: wildlife management; wildlife control; and regulations on hunting, fishing, and trapping. Consider the following issues concerning hunting regulations and whether current policies should be amended.

Current Agricultural Use Valuation and Property Taxation

Published May. 15, 2013

The Current Agricultural Use Valuation (CAUV) program values have increased due to higher crop prices and lower interest rates, but continue to provide an average 67 percent reduction from fair market value.

Agriculture’s Adaptability to Climate Change

Published May. 2, 2014

Farmers have been responding to climate change since they first put seed in the ground and herded livestock. Whether or not one believes the climate is changing or whether humans are the cause of that change, from a food supply standpoint, agriculture needs to be as resilient as possible.

Effect of International Approval of Biotech Crops on Variety Selection

Published May. 2, 2014

Recently, China has rejected some vessels carrying small amounts of a corn variety approved for marketing in the United States, but not in China. The market reacted negatively and a number of grain handling companies have indicated they will no longer accept that variety at their elevators.

Interstate Commerce Restrictions

Published May. 2, 2014

In general, the U.S. Constitution grants the federal government exclusive authority to regulate trade between states.

Energy Exports

Published May. 2, 2014

Last fall, a record harvest of high moisture corn increased demand for propane for drying in the Midwest. As a result, propane inventories in the Midwest were at their lowest level heading into winter since 1996.

Downer Animals in the Food Supply

Published May. 2, 2014

USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service regulations require all animals found to be nonambulatory at ante-mortem inspection (or those nonambulatory after the ante-mortem inspection but before processing) be condemned. There are cases where animals are non-ambulatory not because of illness.

Water Storage Infrastructure

Published May. 2, 2014

Recent droughts have increased public awareness and federal policymakers' focus on flaws in today’s water storage and delivery systems.