Fuzzy Logic

Student activity from the article Fuzzy Logic from the July/August 2010 Our Ohio magazine.

Academic Content Standard
(Social Studies: Geography: Grade 6): This student activity helps students explore geography locations, patterns and processes showing inter-relationships between the physical environment and human activity, and interactions that occur in an interdependent world.

(Note: Key terms used from the National Academic Content Standards, K-12 Social Studies.)

Discussion points
* Read the article with the students or to the students
  Read the article titled Fuzzy Logic in Our Ohio magazine or online.
* The peach farm, Quarry Hill Orchard, is located in what county? In what part of the state do you think this county is located? (Hint: What other geography feature in Ohio has the same name?)
* Bill Gammie’s fruit yield depends largely on the weather. What type of weather in April and early May can hurt the peach crop?
* According to the article, Ohio’s “fruit belt” is located where?
o What land feature makes the “fruit belt” the perfect place for orchards?
o Lake Erie provides what two positive effects on the weather for perfect fruit growing situations?
* Explain what the farmer means when he says, “Peaches and other fruit trees don’t like wet feet.” (weather and landforms)
* Define (check out dictionary.com)
o Yield
o Acre: how big is an acre in square feet? (about the size of a football field)
o Variety
o Bushel of peaches:  how many peaches or how much does one bushel weigh in pounds?  (Ans.  48-50 lbs.)
o Heirloom variety
* What is the most popular peach grown at the Quarry Hill Orchard?
* Name three other varieties of peaches mentioned in the article.
* Would the “fruit belt” be a good location for a person who wanted to grow grapes to buy land?  Explain.
* According to the article people can buy better peaches if they buy them directly from the orchard. What does this have to do with geography?
* If you are buying a peach, what qualities should the peach have?
* Does this article give the reader information about the location of other peach orchards?  Where?

Hands on at Home or School

* Geography: For the following activities, use a map of Ohio located at the Ohio Department of Transportation, or your own. It may be helpful to print the map.
* Identify the 70 mile ridge of the “fruit belt” from Berea to Sandusky. Shade the area in on your map.
* Is Berlin Heights in Erie County part of the area you shaded?
* Find the latitude and longitude (approx.) of the following cities:
o Berlin Heights
o Berea
o Sandusky
o The city you live in or near
* Browse Bill Gammie’s website QuarryHillOrchards.com
* If Bill Gammie were transporting fresh peaches to your local grocery store, what route, or roads, would he drive?  
o Use the Ohio map to trace the route. How long would it take to get the peaches from Quarry Hill to your market?
* Use the following shaded relief map from the Ohio Department of Natural Resources:
o On the map, locate the land feature of the “fruit belt.” Can you see the ridge described by the article?
* Continue to look at the relief map. Can you see differences in landforms that determine what crops farmers grow in what regions? (ex. Flat ground for corn, soybeans, wheat)

* Quarry Hill devotes 30 acres to peach production and produces 5,000 bushels of peaches.  How many bushels per acre can Bill Gammie produce?
* If a pound of fresh peaches sell for $3 per pound, how much income can be earned on 250,000 pounds of peaches?
* If one bushel is equal to 50 pounds, and the farmer charges $4 per pound, how much money per bushel would the farmer charge for his peaches?

Family and Consumer Sciences
* According to the article, how do you know, as a consumer, if you are choosing a ripe, perfect peach at the grocery store?  Why is this important?
* The final sentence of the article encourages consumers at Quarry Hill to taste the peach before one buys it. Can this be done at the grocery store?
* Try out the peachy recipes with this article!
* Explain how to blanch a food.
* What are the benefits to grilling a food?
* Define a simple syrup.
* Keep in mind the following food safety practices:
o Washing hands often
o Covering coughs and sneezes and washing hands
o Tying hair back and not touching hair
o Wearing clean clothes
o Using gloves to cover sores or cuts
o Wash all raw produce, including peaches, under running water
o Refrigerate food promptly

Student activities are prepared by Camille Kopczewski, who is coordinator of religious education at Our Lady of Perpetual Help, Grove City. She is a former sixth grade social studies teacher for South-Western City Schools. She has undergraduate and graduate degrees in education.