Cultivating the soybean and corn crops, as well as harvesting wheat is what keeps Ron Burns busy during the summer months. This is the second installment of “a year in the life” of Union County farmer Ron Burns and his fiancée Melissa Downerd, from planting and harvesting crops to everything in between.
In 2016 we had a great harvest window for high-quality wheat that will be used in food products. We even took out a field at 13.5 percent goal moisture. This saved drying time and expense and gave us a product to market. The wheat was sold to a company that distributes to mills to supply bread you would find in your local grocery store.
Spreading composted chicken manure after wheat harvest is part of our plan to add nutrients back to the soil that may have been depleted from the wheat crop. The nutrients will be in soil and held in place with cover crop plants over the winter and then will be available for the corn plants next year.
The grain head on the combine is greased and inspected every day to ensure minimal seed loss and preventive maintenance. Some wheat chaff is baled, but I like to leave as much residue on the field as I can to build organic matter in the soil.
Wheat fields are walked and inspected to time harvest just right. I like to stay ahead of upcoming rains if possible to reduce the chance of disease, sprouting or other yield and quality loss possibilities.
Harvesting wheat when it’s low in moisture is important. In 2015 we had a large rain move in and I decided to harvest the crop when the moisture gauge was at 21 percent. We ended up pulling wagons home in the rain and then had to dry down the wheat to an optimal 13.5 percent. This means we had to handle the wheat two more times than planned, but it was worth it. We hit our goal of food grade wheat with no sprouting or disease.
Feature image: The freshly mowed field in front of the tasseled corn in the distance is wheat residue. Weeds are being managed prior to the cover crop being planted.
Photos by Dave Gore